When you sue someone, your Statement of Claim must include a “cause of action”, which is the host of facts used to justify your right to sue. We cannot simply sue for everything that happens to us because not every slight is something that courts will recognize as having remedy attached to it.
Common examples of cause of action include breach of contract, negligence, defamation, etc. A claim may be “struck out” if it does not have a “reasonable cause of action”. The claim should include the “material facts” that give rise to the cause of action. An example of what this means is in the judge’s decision in this case, Diaz v Tossa, 2017 ONSC 54 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/gwwzk>
Litigation Help's video on Cause of Action: https://youtu.be/b5yUmvgJOtg
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